- tax discount for unincorporated small businesses;
- immediate deductibility for small business start-up expenses;
- fringe benefits tax exemption for portable electronic devices for small businesses.
A previous edition of TaxWise Business detailed these measures. In summary:
- Tax rate cut for unincorporated business entities – this involves a 5% tax discount for individual taxpayers capped at $1,000 with business income from an unincorporated business with an aggregated annual turnover of less than $2 million will be introduced from the 2015-16 income year.
- Professional expenses – new businesses will be able to claim an immediate deduction for professional expenses (eg for the cost of advice from lawyers, accountants and other professionals) associated with starting a business from the 2015-16 income year.
- Electronic devices and FBT – this involves a fringe benefits tax exemption for portable electronic devices used primarily for work purposes will be expanded from 1 April 2016.
Now that these measures have become law, you should speak to your tax agent about whether and how they might apply to your business.
- Tax discount for small unincorporated businesses – Treasury estimates that the measure will increase regulatory costs on small businesses by $15.6 million a year due to system changes for taxpayers and their tax agents.
- Small business company tax cut – Treasury estimates that the measure will increase regulatory costs on small businesses by $3.2 million a year due to system changes for taxpayers and their tax agents.
- Expanding accelerated depreciation for small businesses – Treasury estimates that the measure will reduce regulatory costs on small businesses by $6.1 million a year for the two years the measure is in place by reducing record keeping costs.
- Accelerated depreciation for primary producers – Treasury estimates that the measure will reduce regulatory costs for primary producers by $1.4 million per year by reducing record keeping requirements.
- work-related car expenses;
- Zone Tax Offset;
- FBT concessions on salary packaged entertainment benefits;
- third party reporting.
Detailed below are the new measures in this Bill that might be relevant to your business.
a) Work-related car expenses
The Bill will change the methods for calculating work-related car expense deductions. Currently, there are four methods taxpayers can use to calculate work-related car expenses (12% of original value method, one-third of actual expenses method, cents per kilometre and logbook method).
The ‘12% of original value’ method and the ‘one-third of actual expenses’ method will be removed from the law leaving the ‘cents per kilometre’ and ‘logbook’ methods as the only two methods available.
The Bill will also provide a streamlined process for calculating the cents per kilometre method by providing a single rate of deduction which more accurately reflects the actual running expenses of a vehicle. In the 2015-16 income year, the cents per kilometre rate will be set at 66 cents per kilometre. The Bill gives the Commissioner the power to set the cents per kilometre rate for later years via legislative instrument.
Changes to the income tax law for this measure will generally apply in relation to the 2015-16 income year and later income years. Changes to the FBT law for this measure will operate from 1 April 2016 and later fringe benefits tax years.
b) FBT concessions on salary packaged entertainment benefits
The Bill will amend the FBT law to limit the concessional treatment of salary packaged entertainment benefits by:
- removing the reporting exclusion in respect of salary packaged entertainment benefits;
- removing access to elective valuation rules when valuing salary packaged entertainment benefits to prevent unintended and excessively concessional values being applied to those benefits; and
- introducing a $5,000 cap on the total amount of salary packaged entertainment benefits that certain employees can be provided with that are exempt from or subject to fringe benefits tax at concessional rates.
This measure will apply to the 2016-17 FBT year and later FBT years.
c) Third party reporting
The Bill will make amendments to improve taxpayer compliance by increasing the information reported to the Commissioner by a range of third parties by creating a new third party reporting regime. This regime will require certain entities (third parties) to report information to the ATO on transactions that could reasonably be expected to have tax consequences for other entities.
The following third parties will be required to report under the regime:
- government related entities, other than local governing bodies, must report on government grants;
- government related entities must report on consideration they provide for services;
- states and territories must report on transfers of real property in their jurisdiction;
- the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC), market participants and trustees of trusts with an absolutely entitled beneficiary must report on transactions relating to shares and units of unit trusts;
- listed companies must report on transactions relating to their shares;
- trustees of unit trusts must report on transactions relating to their units; and
- administrators of payment systems must report on electronic business transactions.
The Bill contains measures dealing with:
- reporting obligations;
- timing of reports;
- reporting exemptions; and
- transactions that entities must report.
Third party reporting obligations in relation to transfers of real property (reported by States and Territories) and ASIC market integrity data (reported by ASIC) will apply to transactions happening on or after 1 July 2016. All other third party reporting obligations will apply to transactions happening on or after 1 July 2017.
A number of these measures could have implications for your business, for example if you use a car in your business, offer fringe benefits to employees or have transactions running through your business which could be required to be reported to the ATO by a third party (which is quite likely). It would be worth sitting down with your tax adviser to consider if there are any potential implications for your business from any of the above measures.
Any proposed changes stemming from this consultation will form part of the broader tax reform process, though it is something that participants in the industry may want to keep an eye on.
- Recipient created tax invoice (RCTI) determinations;
- Acquisition of second-hand goods – global accounting method;
- Telecommunication supplies through enterprise not carried on in indirect tax zone;
- Direct Entry Services – waiver of tax invoice requirements;
- Representatives of incapacitated entities – cash basis of accounting for GST;
- Gas and electricity retailers – extension of time to issue adjustment note;
- Supplies by electricity distributors to electricity retailers – extension of time to issue adjustment note;
- Supermarkets or convenience stores – simplified GST accounting method
- Margin scheme valuation requirements; and
- Distribution of multi-media products – application of intermediary arrangements.
A number of these determinations may have an impact on your business’ GST registration. Talk to your tax adviser about any possible implications for your business.
- extend GST to digital products and other services imported by consumers; and
- amend the ‘connected with Australia’ rules to minimise compliance costs for non-resident suppliers who deal with Australian-based businesses while maintaining the integrity of the GST base.
This exposure draft is likely to be tabled in Parliament and entered into law in the near future.
These changes may have implications for potential GST obligations for your business if you have cross-border transactions and deal with suppliers from overseas.
The determination sets out the Commissioner’s position on a retiring partner’s individual interest in net income for the partnership for an income year.
Subject to paragraph 3 of the Determination, the partner’s individual interest in the net income of the partnership is included in the partner’s assessable income under section 92 for the income year regardless of:
- how the amount the partner is entitled to is labelled or described (including whether it is expressed to be consideration for something provided or given up by the partner);
- the timing of the partner’s retirement (including whether he or she retires before the end of the income year); and the timing of any payment.
However, the partner’s individual interest in the net income of the partnership is not assessable under section 92 to the extent that it is attributable to both a period when the partner was not a resident of Australia, and sources outside of Australia.
We previously alerted readers to this Determination in an earlier edition of TaxWise Business.
If you are part of a partnership, now that the Taxation Determination has been finalised particularly if you or one of your partners is close to retiring from the partnership, you should seek advice from your tax adviser about how this Determination might affect you.
On 15 October 2015, the ATO released a Taxpayer Alert TA 2015/3 “Accessing the R&D Tax Incentive for ineligible broadacre farming activities”, which was developed jointly with AusIndustry.
The ATO and AusIndustry are reviewing arrangements where primary producers involved in broadacre farming are claiming the R&D tax incentive for the cost of fertilisers and other treatments (soil improvers) where a significant part (or all) of the expenditure that is incurred relates to “business as usual” farming activities and not to R&D activities.
The ATO and AusIndustry are also concerned that other entities in the farming industry may be inappropriately claiming the R&D tax incentive under similar circumstances.
Innovation Australia has reviewed certain registered activities and found that they do not meet eligibility requirements under the law. These matters are being tested in the Administrative Appeals
The ATO and AusIndustry will monitor registrations for activities that are similar to those described in this Alert and will conduct compliance activities where appropriate. AusIndustry is developing a Specific Issue Guidance product to assist taxpayers engaged in the farming industry, and their accountants and advisers, to correctly identify and document eligible R&D activities in that industry.
Your tax agent or adviser will be able to assist you if you have any concerns about this caution from the ATO or would like to know more about it.
Under the current law, employers must make quarterly superannuation guarantee (SG) contributions for their eligible employees to avoid having to pay the SG charge to the ATO. The SG charge regime imposes punitive costs to deter employers from paying their SG contributions late or in part. This can have a significant impact on small businesses.
As a part of the announced changes, the SG charge will be simplified by aligning the earnings base for calculating the SG charge (currently total salary and wages) with the earnings base for calculating SG contributions (ordinary time earnings).
The changes will also reduce the harshness of the SG charge by aligning the interest component on any SG shortfall with the period contributions that are outstanding. These changes will also remove the additional penalties under the current superannuation guarantee administration laws and align them with the administrative penalties under the Taxation Administration Act 1953.
These changes complement two other measures to reduce small business superannuation compliance costs; expansion of the small business superannuation clearing house and simplifying when a standard choice form must be provided by an employer. Both of these changes have applied since 1 July 2015.
The ATO previously announced it would allow these employers (those with 20 or more employees) an additional four months to adopt SuperStream, following the 30 June deadline. At the time of issuing this reminder, the ATO said from 1 November 2015, it would turn its attention to identifying those employers not compliant with SuperStream.
The ATO will continue to help employers adopt SuperStream, but there could be penalties for those who deliberately choose not to adopt it.
The ATO has published a checklist for employers to assist them to prepare to make super contributions for their employees using SuperStream. Employers should note that:
- Employers with 20 or more employees need to be using SuperStream no later than 31 October 2015.
- Employers with 19 or fewer employees need to be using SuperStream no later than 30 June 2016.
SuperStream – industry segment information
During the next few months, the ATO will be contacting small business employers that may not yet be using SuperStream to make super contributions. The ATO plans to contact employers in 22 industry groups.
Employers will receive a SMS message advising SuperStream has started and an email inviting them to register to attend an industry specific SuperStream webinar. The relevant industry groups are:
- Pharmacy and cosmetics
- General Practitioners, Dentists and Specialists
- Cafes and Restaurants, Catering & Take-away
- Fruit, Veg & Floristry
- Farming (livestock and crops)
- Hairdressing and Beauty Services
- Automotive & Repair
- Engineering & Technical Services
- Bus & Taxi
- Road Freight
- Consulting (Management & IT)
- Banking & Finance / Insurance & Super
- Accommodation, Pubs & Clubs
- Food & Grocery
- Manufacturing – general
- Building & Employment Services
- Metals & Engineering
- Other specialist & boutique
- Accounting & Legal
- Hospitals, Clinics, Aged Care, Accommodation & Allied
- Education & Training
See your tax agent to ensure your business is meeting its SuperStream obligations.
TaxWise® News is distributed by professional tax practitioners to provide information of general interest to their clients. The content of this newsletter does not constitute specific advice. Readers are encouraged to consult their tax adviser for advice on specific matters.